Save
Interpretation of capnography waveforms
ESA Academy. Academy E. Jan 2, 2019; 256664
ESA Academy
ESA Academy
Login now to access Regular content available to all registered users.

Access to Premium content is currently a membership benefit.


Click here to join ESA or renew your membership.


About this activity
Learning Objectives
Discussion Forum (0)
Rate & Comment (0)
This video describes the aspects of the normal capnogram, clinical interpretation of ETCO2 values, analyzing the capnogram in normal and abnormal situations.
Identify and describe the following capnography waveforms:

- Normal

- Apnea

- Hypoventilation

- Hyperventilation

- Tachypnea with hypocarbia

- Bradypnea with hypercarbia

- Hypopnea with bradypnea

- Rebreathing of CO2

- Partial airway obstruction: laryngospasm

- Lower airway obstruction: bronchospasm

- Asthma/emphysema (COPD)

- Cardiac arrest with manual CPR

- Return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC)

​- Curare cleft
Code of conduct/disclaimer available in General Terms & Conditions
Anonymous User Privacy Preferences

Strictly Necessary Cookies (Always Active)

MULTILEARNING platforms and tools hereinafter referred as “MLG SOFTWARE” are provided to you as pure educational platforms/services requiring cookies to operate. In the case of the MLG SOFTWARE, cookies are essential for the Platform to function properly for the provision of education. If these cookies are disabled, a large subset of the functionality provided by the Platform will either be unavailable or cease to work as expected. The MLG SOFTWARE do not capture non-essential activities such as menu items and listings you click on or pages viewed.


Performance Cookies

Performance cookies are used to analyse how visitors use a website in order to provide a better user experience.



Google Analytics is used for user behavior tracking/reporting. Google Analytics works in parallel and independently from MLG’s features. Google Analytics relies on cookies and these cookies can be used by Google to track users across different platforms/services.


Save Settings