Interpretation of capnography waveforms
ESA Academy. Academy E. Jan 2, 2019; 256664
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This video describes the aspects of the normal capnogram, clinical interpretation of ETCO2 values, analyzing the capnogram in normal and abnormal situations.
Identify and describe the following capnography waveforms:

- Normal

- Apnea

- Hypoventilation

- Hyperventilation

- Tachypnea with hypocarbia

- Bradypnea with hypercarbia

- Hypopnea with bradypnea

- Rebreathing of CO2

- Partial airway obstruction: laryngospasm

- Lower airway obstruction: bronchospasm

- Asthma/emphysema (COPD)

- Cardiac arrest with manual CPR

- Return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC)

​- Curare cleft
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